IiA Navigator This database of IAs – the IIA browser – is managed by UNCTAD`s IIA Section. You can browse the IIAs concluded by a particular country or group of countries, view the recently concluded ais or use the extended contract search for demanding research tailored to your needs. Please cite UNCTAD, International Investment Agreements Navigator, available under investmentpolicy.unctad.org/international-investment-agreements/ By leasing investment, the EU wants to promote the creation of a more transparent, efficient and predictable business climate for investors. This involves, for example, making information on investment rules public and easy or reducing delays in obtaining state and authorizations. Did you know that the UK`s contract network is twice as consistent as that of Egypt or Pakistan? Have you noticed that 81% of the TPP`s investment chapter is the same as the investment chapter of the U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement, concluded ten years earlier, in 2006? The treatment of contractual investment texts as data can give policymakers, practitioners and researchers a more differentiated understanding of the universe of international investment agreements. This overview examines the impact of the contract on ongoing investor-state arbitration proceedings and ongoing investments, protected by intra-EU NTBs, as well as on possible future investor appeals. The European Commission is encouraging further reform of dispute settlement and is leading the efforts of trading partners to establish a multilateral investment court to adjudicate investment disputes. On 5 May 2020, the European Commission (Commission) announced that 23 of the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU) had signed the Agreement to Terminate Bilateral Investment Agreements [“BRITs”) between the Member States of the European Union (the Treaty).  When the Treaty enters into force for the 23 Member States, it terminates 123 “intra-EU-BKT” or BKT of which both parts are EU Member States. The ILO allows investors from one EU Member State to initiate international arbitration proceedings against another EU Member State hosting the investment in order to settle alleged breaches of the ILO committed by the host Member State, instead of having to deal with this dispute before the national courts of the host Member State. The political motivation behind the ILO is that the possibility of settling investment disputes between a foreign investor and a host State before an international arbitral tribunal instead of a national court increases the confidence of a foreign investor in the fair settlement of such disputes and thus increases the amount of foreign investment between the two parties to the ILO.
The Treaty is the result of the judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union (Court of Justice) of 6 March 2018 in the Achmea case, in which the Court of Justice ruled that bit arbitration clauses within the EU were contrary to the EU Treaties.  In addition, the Commission considers that intra-EU EDTs are discriminatory and therefore incompatible with EU law, as they create an uneven playing field for EU investors. For example, where a Member State has TDDs with six other Member States, investors from those six Member States enjoy greater protection in the host Member State than investors from the twenty Member States that do not have such ESPs. IIA Mapping Project The IIA Mapping Project is a cooperative initiative between UNCTAD and universities around the world to represent the content of IIAs. The resulting database serves as a tool to understand trends in the development of the IIA, assess the prevalence of different policy approaches and identify examples of contracts. The “Mapping of IIA Content” allows you to browse the results of the previous project (the page is updated regularly when the new results have entered into place). . . .